College of Education and Rehabilitation

Department of Blindness and Low Vision Programs

Low Vision Rehabilitation Program

Course Descriptions

Salus University is in the process of updating its curriculum and course description pages to reflect the College of Education and Rehabilitation's recent curriculum revision.  While the site is under construction, please contact for the latest updates.

500-701 Foundations of Vision Rehabilitation and Education

(Summer – 10 weeks) (1.5 semester credits, online)
A survey course representing disciplines dedicated to the education and rehabilitation of individuals who are blind or visually impaired. The course introduces learners to history, definitions, legislation, referral processes, education and rehabilitation planning, procedures and resources (human, physical, and financial), cultural diversity, and learning theories related to the needs of individuals who are blind or visually impaired. Learners will explore professionalism and ethics as well as issues related to accessibility, privacy, confidentiality, and advocacy.

501-700 Visual Impairment and Functional Implications

(Fall – 15 weeks) (3 semester credits, online)
This course addresses the anatomy and physiology of the eye, including ocular development and development of the visual system. Topical areas include learning to see, age related changes in the eye, innervations of the eye, basic optics, and medications with their side effects. The course explores the functional visual implications of diseases of the eye, syndromes, and brain injury. Learners observe primary and low vision eye exams, learn about prescriptions of low vision devices, and demonstrate the ability to interpret eye reports and discuss their functional implications. The learner applies these topics to an individual's functional visual performance.

502-702 Assessment

(Fall – First 5 weeks) (1 semester credit, online)
An introduction to various types of assessments (e.g. psychological, educational, vocational, and physical) used to evaluate people with visual impairments and additional disabilities. The course covers a variety of informal and formal screening, assessment, and evaluation methods, including alternative and statewide tests, observation, history taking, and interviews. Additional assessments include outcomes-based, curriculum-based, and portfolio approaches. Learners discuss testing and assessment within an historical context including the development of standardized tests and their applicability for individuals with vision impairment. Learners study general testing procedures such as reliability, validity, and test bias. Learners examine their role and that of other professionals in the testing process, the interpretation of test results, and the importance of accurate and confidential record keeping.

503-703 Low Vision Assessment and Intervention 1

(Fall – Last 10 weeks) (2 semester credits, online)
In this course, learners explore methods of assessing functional vision and strategies for enhancing visual performance without optical devices. This course emphasizes theory and practice in the following assessment areas: functional visual acuity and fields and visual performance in everyday tasks for individuals with visual impairments, including infants, children, adults, and those with additional disabilities.

504-704 Low Vision Assessment and Intervention 2

(Spring – 15 weeks) (3 semester credits online)
Learners explore methods of assessing functional vision and strategies for enhancing visual performance with optical devices. This course emphasizes theory and practice in the following assessment and intervention areas: visual efficiency, use of optical and non-optical devices, environmental features, and visual field enhancement techniques. Learners explore specialized topics such as visual intervention strategies for individuals with head injury, driving with low vision, implications of reading and writing with low vision, and state of the art low vision technology.

505-705 Low Vision Assessment and Intervention 3

(Summer) (2 semester credits, on-campus)
Provides an opportunity to apply principles of low vision assessment and intervention through the use of case studies, role play situations, and practice with resources and devices.

506-722 Low Vision Assessment and Intervention 4

(Summer) (2 semester credits, on-campus)
This course provides lab experiences to complement the Low Vision Assessment I and II courses.  Students will experience hands-on activities with various near, intermediate, distance and field enhancement devices.  In addition, students will conduct functional vision and environmental assessments.

507-706 Psychological and Social Dynamics of Visual Impairment

(Spring – 15 weeks) (1.5 semester credits)
An exploration of the psychosocial factors affecting the process of adjustment to visual impairment across the life span. Through case analysis and consumer and family participation, learners explore a variety of issues related to adjustment including demographics, life stage, type of visual impairment, personality, self-concept, social support network, and the grieving process. The course also explores the impact of societal attitudes and stereotypes toward blindness and visual impairment. Learners are exposed to relationship building and effective communication skills strategies. An overview of the range of psychosocial interventions is provided, including resources for referrals.

508-707 Teamwork and Collaboration

(Spring – Last 5 weeks) (.5 semester credit)
Explores the ways in which professionals collaborate individually or collectively to address the needs of individuals with visual impairments. The course provides an overview of types of teams, their composition, and team building strategies. Learners will discuss members’ roles, relationships, and responsibilities. Strategies to maintain effective team functioning, as well as resolving team conflict, are also covered.

509-708 Visual Impairment and Additional Disabilities

(Spring – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
Provides an introduction to a number of concomitant medical, social, and psychological conditions that may have an impact upon the provision of educational and rehabilitation services to children and adults who are blind or visually impaired. The course explores functional implications of additional disabilities with emphasis on cognition, perception, communication, behavior, balance, and movement, as well as medical conditions and health issues. Learners will become familiar with a range of adaptive assessment and intervention strategies for individuals with visual impairment and additional disabilities.

510-709 Critical Analysis of Research (Masters only)

(Fall – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
Teaches the tools necessary for becoming critical readers of research. Learners become familiar with the basic attributes of quantitative methods of research, including experimental and non-experimental designs, and qualitative methods of research. Research designs covered include true experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, co relational, single-subject, survey, ethnographic and case study approaches. The course also presents a basic survey of statistical methods used in these approaches.

511-710 Functional Applications of Research (Masters only)

(Spring – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
Teaches learners how to conceptualize and conduct research in their professional environments. Learners investigate ethical research practices, the process for obtaining research approval at various institutions, and methods of data collection. Learners use varied methods and tools, including computer software, to organize, analyze, interpret, and apply research data.

512-711 Human Development Across the Life Span

(Spring – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
Study of the course of human development from conception through late adulthood. Topics include normative changes in motor development, sensory motor integration, cognition, sensation and perception, physiology, and social development. Special emphasis is placed upon the critical role of vision and the accompanying process of visual change across the life span. In addition, demographic trends and an in-depth study of the network of services for older adults are provided.

513-712 Independent Living Skills for Vision Professionals

(Summer – First 5 weeks) (1 semester credit, on-campus)
Provides hands-on instruction and laboratory practice (using low vision simulators and blindfolds) in the methods and adaptive techniques used by vision professionals in the following independent living skill areas: (a) cleaning skills and household safety, (b) labeling, (c) money identification, (d) grooming and self care skills, (e) time identification, (f) basic food preparation, (g) telephone skills, and (h) signature and handwriting guides. Classes emphasize the utilization of adaptive techniques and resource gathering, and address skills that are appropriate for children, adolescents, adults, and older adults.

515-713 Orientation and Mobility for Vision Professionals

(Summer – First 5 weeks) (1 semester credit, on-campus)
Addresses basic indoor orientation and mobility (O&M) techniques and teaching strategies for individuals who are visually impaired, including those with additional disabilities, across the life span. This course provides the skills and knowledge to support the work of the O&M specialist. Emphasis is on development of functional skills and concepts required for successful O&M, including efficient utilization of low vision and remaining sensory modalities for travel. Vision simulators and blindfolds are an integral part of the learning experience.

520-771 Low Vision Technology and Practice

(Summer – First 5 weeks) (2 semester credits, on-campus)
A transitional course between didactic courses and clinical fieldwork in low vision rehabilitation. This course gives students an opportunity to develop skills in instructing individuals in the use of low vision devices and techniques. The learning activities include comparative analysis of low vision devices, developing instructional resource plans, videotape analysis of instruction, peer instruction, case conferencing, and review of latest low vision products. Students also learn how to guide individuals with low vision and additional disabilities in the selection and effective use of appropriate assistive technology.

521-772 Managing and Funding Low Vision Services 1 (Masters only)

(Fall - EVEN YEARS – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
An introductory course to managing the human, financial, physical, and technological resources in a comprehensive low vision program that may be situated in a private or group practice, hospital, university, rehabilitation center, residential school, mobile unit, or itinerant system. Course participants overview classical and current theories of management related to managerial roles and functions, leadership skills, motivation, communication, conflict resolution, innovation, and change. 

522-773 Managing and Funding Low Vision Services 2 (Masters only)

(Spring - ODD YEARS – 15 weeks) (2 semester credits)
A study of the components, standards and strategies involved in developing an effective program of comprehensive low vision services. They explore major public and private funding sources, their application processes, and ways to influence funding priorities. They peer review grant proposals and research potential funding sources for low vision service development or expansion. They prepare grant proposals or business plans for loans using criteria for successful applications.

620-774U-775U LVR Fieldwork

(Upon completion of all Certificate courses) (2 semester credits)
This course includes 10 weeks, 50 days, or 350 hours of skill building practice in pre-approved clinical low vision service settings and related rehabilitation or educational service settings. Interns observe, team teach, and then conduct functional vision assessments and instruction in vision enhancing techniques and devices under site and college supervision. Interns integrate and use case history, observations, functional assessments, low vision and primary eye exam reports, and referral information in working with individuals of diverse backgrounds and ages. Interns maintain daily performance logs, prepare rehabilitation kits, and provide presentations on low vision or complete special service projects that benefit their respective sites. All internship sites and supervisors meet the certification criteria of the Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education Professionals (ACVREP).

621-774V&W-775V&W LVR Internship

(Upon completion of all coursework) (6 semester credits)
The LVR internship assists learners in developing and refining skills needed to provide quality professional services in their specific disciplines. Emphasis is placed on (a) working with cases from the beginning (where possible); (b) using an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach; (c) alternative strategies for planning and delivering services; and (d) applying learned techniques, strategies, and methods specific to individuals who are blind or visually impaired. Interns assess student/client needs, formulate plans in keeping with their respective service settings, and instruct under joint agency/University supervision. Interns contract with the on-site supervisor and the Salus University supervisor to perform the specialty skills they have developed. Students keep daily performance logs and complete a project in conjunction with their internship experiences. Interns complete 10 weeks, 75 days or 350 hours of practice in low vision assessment and intervention. All internship sites and supervisors meet the certification criteria of the Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education Professionals (ACVREP).

622-778 LVR Independent Study

(In conjunction with 774 or 775) (2 semester credits, online)
This course provides students with the opportunity to select and research an area of low vision rehabilitation interest, after which they will prepare a professional document (e.g., article for publication, compendium, booklet or other professional product). A faculty advisor is assigned and students also collaborate with Salus University staff and other professionals, consumers, etc., to select a topic of choice, develop a timeline, and develop and enhance their work. Outcomes must have professional caliber.

623-776 LVR Comprehensive Examination (Masters only)

(Upon completion of program) (1 semester credit)
The LVR Comprehensive Exam is administered by the Program Director to evaluate learner’s knowledge and application of competencies addressed throughout their graduate studies at the College of Education and Rehabilitation. It may include written and/or oral responses to exam questions as well as demonstrations of knowledge and skills.