Gross Anatomy ​| Lecture and Lab | 4.00 credits
PAS-5001-AC (Didactic Phase, fall semester) 

This comprehensive, specifically designed course provides Physician Assistant students with an extensive background in gross human anatomy through lecture, laboratory and independent learning exercises. The course has a clinical emphasis and will provide foundational support for the clinical medicine, physical diagnosis and surgery courses. The laboratory portion consists of closely supervised full cadaver dissection, examination of prosected cadavers, models and diagnostic imaging, as well as state-of-the-art virtual anatomy imaging.
 
Medical Microbiology and Genetics | Lecture | 2.00 credits
PAS-5002-AC (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

This course provides a systematic organ-based review of infectious disease agents and the principles and techniques employed in their laboratory diagnosis. It  explores the protective components and response by the immune system in mounting defenses against common pathogens encountered in clinical practice. The course also introduces the basic concepts of genetics, inheritance patterns, genetic testing and screening and will correlate the effects of genetic alterations to clinical disease.
 
PA Seminar | Lecture | 1.50 credits
PAS-5007-AA (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

This course is designed to introduce Physician Assistant (PA) students to pertinent issues of medical practice and the PA role in providing quality, patient- centered care. The course is designed to expose the PA student to aspects of medicine and patient care that are not contained within the clinical medicine and science curricula. The student will receive specific instruction in professionalism, cross-cultural competency, diversity and public health. As a requirement of student participation in clinical experiences, instruction will be provided regarding the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and safety precaution guidelines related to blood-borne pathogens. Documentation, billing and coding, reimbursement, quality assurance, risk management, medicolegal issues and medical ethics will be discussed. The course will also touch on the history and  evolution of the PA profession in U.S. medicine, the status, trends, and characteristics of PA health care providers, their education, regulation, practice patterns, external relations, and professional organizations. Issues related to PA health workforce policy are presented, along with aspects of PA salary and practice economics, specialization, PA political issues and the globalization of the PA concept.
 
Physiology and Pathophysiology 1 | Lecture | 3.00 credits 
PAS-5030-AB (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

This course is the first of three sequential courses that provides instruction in the normal physiology and pathophysiology of disease. The course integrates basic science concepts related to cellular physiology, histology, biochemistry, pathology, genetics and immunology. Diagnostic modalities are introduced where applicable. Organ system modules are aligned with those in the clinical medicine 1 and pharmacology and clinical therapeutics 1 courses.
 
Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics 1 | Lecture | 2.00 credits 
PAS-5040-AB (Didactic Phase, fall semester)​

The first of three courses in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics, this course introduces students to the general principles of pharmacology and the application of these principles to patient care situations. Students learn the principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenetics, dosage forms and dose-response relationships. Classes of pharmaceuticals will be studied, with a focus on the mechanisms of drug action in different therapeutic classes, drug side effects and drug-drug interactions, the interaction of drugs with the disease state under treatment, polypharmacy, and reputable sources of information about drugs. The classes of pharmaceuticals parallel the body system being studied in Clinical Medicine 1.
 
Physical Diagnosis 1​ | Lecture, Lab | 2.50 credits 
PAS-5060-AB (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

This is the first of three sequential courses designed to prepare the student to elicit a complete medical history, perform a physical examination and appropriately document their findings.  In addition to lecture and laboratory instruction, students will be afforded the opportunity to practice their history taking and examination technique during faculty-supervised hospital experiences. Lectures, video links and live demonstrations will be used. As each body system is reviewed, emphasis is placed on the understanding of the relationship between presenting signs and symptoms and their physiologic or pathophysiologic origins.

Students will be trained to demonstrate sensitivity to gender, age and cultural background in their interaction with patients. Instruction will address interpersonal, communication, counseling and patient education skill development.
 
Evidence-Based Practice | Lecture | 1.00 credit
PAS-5101-AB   (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

In this course, a review of basic statistics precedes the statistical application of evidence-based theory, as it pertains to epidemiology, public health, and the practice of clinical medicine. Students are introduced to methods of accessing evidence-based medicine databases. Students learn to identify, review and critique published literature, specifically to direct their clinical decision-making. The course emphasizes the use of current, evidence-based literature to validate and improve the practice of clinical medicine to promote lifelong learning. This course is preparation for the emphasis placed on evidence-based practice in the Clinical Medicine, Clinical-Problem Solving and Capstone Project courses.
Evidence-based practice utilizes an interprofessional, team-based learning environment and an asynchronous teaching methodology.
 
Clinical Medicine 1 ​| Lecture | 4.50 credits
PAS-5130-AC (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

This is the first of three sequential Clinical Medicine courses. Using an organ- based systems approach, this course provides instruction in the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic modalities, differential diagnoses, assessment and management of common medical conditions. The course builds on lectures in normal physiology and pathophysiology and precedes an in-depth discussion of treatment modalities in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics  Course. Areas of study include: Dermatology, Otolaryngology, Ocular Medicine, Pulmonology, and Cardiology.
 
Advanced Clinical Skills 1 | Lecture, Lab | 2.00 credits
PAS-5140-AB (Didactic Phase, fall semester)

Advanced Clinical Skills 1 is the first of a three-course series that instructs the student in the diagnostic and treatment modalities and technical skills utilized in clinical practice. Through a combination of lectures, case discussions, demonstrations and practice sessions, students are introduced to laboratory, radiologic and electrocardiogram interpretation. Focused areas of study include indications, associated risks and the complications associated with diagnostic and treatment modalities and clinical procedures. The practice of evidence-based medicine is integrated throughout the course where applicable.

Behavioral Science | Lecture | 2.50 credits
PAS-5003-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

This course introduces the student to the normal and abnormal psychological development of pediatric, adult and geriatric patients. Through lectures and assigned readings, the student will develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the evaluation and management of patients and their families with behavioral and mental health disorders. Instruction will include but is not limited to: the psychiatric interview, mood and personality disorders, somatoform/ factitious/ dissociative disorders, psychotic disorders, sexual orientation, substance abuse, domestic violence, and end of life care. The needs of vulnerable populations and management of psychiatric emergencies will also be considered. Learned skills are further honed in the PAS-6206 Behavioral/Mental Health clinical rotation course.

Physiology and Pathophysiology 2 | Lecture | 2.50 credits
PAS-5031-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

This course is the second of three sequential courses that provides instruction in the normal physiology and pathophysiology of disease. The course integrates basic science concepts related to cellular physiology, histology, biochemistry, pathology, genetics and immunology. The normal physiologic changes associated with pregnancy are also explored.
Diagnostic modalities are introduced where applicable. Organ system modules are aligned with those in the Clinical Medicine 2, and Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics 2 courses.

Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics 2 | Lecture | 2.00 credits
PAS-5041-AB (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

This is the second of three courses in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics. Students are introduced to the general principles of pharmacology and the application of these principles to patient care situations. Students learn the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics. It provides an overview of dosage formulations and dose-response relationships. Instruction related to a drug’s mechanism of action, side effects, toxicity and contraindications. Drug interactions and polypharmacy will also be reviewed. The classes of pharmaceuticals parallel the body system being studied in Clinical Medicine 2.

Clinical Problem Solving 1 | Lecture, Lab | 2.50 credits
PAS-5050-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

Using a problem-based learning format in a small group setting, students learn to synthesize the medical knowledge and skills obtained throughout the curriculum and develop the critical thinking skills integral to clinical problem solving. Through the application of self-discovery and through integration of clinical reasoning, students practice medical decision-making based on evidence–based practice. Throughout the year, patient cases presented will relate to the organ system studied in the Physiology and Pathophysiology, Clinical Medicine, and Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics courses.

Students will also participate in weekly “pre-clinical” experiences; applying the knowledge, skills, and professional attributes they are learning in the classroom. These shadowing experiences will have a primary care focus, but will also expose the students to specialty practice and other ancillary services of medicine. Students initially observe and, according to their skills and with preceptor supervision, sequentially increase their independence, applying the knowledge, skills, and professional attributes they are learning in the classroom. This course serves as the introduction to practice-based medicine and a precursor to the clinical year of the Program.

Physical Diagnosis 2 | Lecture, Lab | 1.50 credits
PAS-5061-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

This is the second of three sequential Physical Diagnosis courses designed to prepare the student to elicit a focused medical history, perform a physical examination and appropriately document their findings. Students will be trained to demonstrate sensitivity to gender, age and cultural background in their interaction with patients. Lectures, video links and live demonstrations will be used. As each body system is reviewed, emphasis is placed on the understanding of the relationship between presenting signs and symptoms and their physiologic or pathophysiologic origins.
 
Integrative Medicine | Lecture | 1.00 credit
PAS-5102-AB (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

Integrative medicine views the patient holistically (mind, body and spirit) and focuses on the incorporation of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) into conventional medical practice. This course is designed to introduce the student to the various therapies associated with complementary and alternative medicine as well as to assess their safety and effectiveness. 

Clinical Medicine 2 | Lecture | 6.00 credits
PAS-5131-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

This is the second of three sequential Clinical Medicine courses. Using an organ- based systems approach, this course provides instruction on the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic modalities, differential diagnoses, assessment and management of common medical conditions. The course builds on lectures in normal physiology and pathophysiology, and precedes an in-depth discussion of treatment modalities in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics. Areas of study include: Gastroenterology, Nephrology/Urology, Hematology/Oncology, Neurology/Geriatrics,Orthopedics, and Rheumatology.

Advanced Clinical Skills 2 | Lecture | 3.00 credits
PAS-5141-AC (Didactic Phase, spring semester)

Advanced Clinical Skills 2 is the second of a three-course series that instructs the student in the diagnostic and treatment modalities and technical skills utilized in clinical practice. Through a combination of lectures, case discussions, demonstrations and practice sessions, students will gain greater experience with laboratory studies and their interpretation. Focused areas of study include indications, associated risks and the complications associated with diagnostic and treatment modalities and clinical procedures. Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) certification, sponsored by the American Heart Association (AHA), are also incorporated into the course. The practice of evidence-based medicine is integrated throughout the course where applicable.
 
Acute and Invasive Medicine | Lecture | 3.00 credits
PAS-5008-AA (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

This course is designed to prepare the Physician Assistant student for evaluating, managing, and providing treatment to patients in the acute care setting and well as management of the operative patient. General concepts of the acute management of unexpected injuries and illnesses as well as surgical concepts such as indications for surgical referral, pre-op patient assessment, principles of anesthesia, intra-operative management and post-op care and complications will be presented. The course emphasizes emergent diagnosis, stabilization, medical and surgical management, and emergency and operative procedures.  Evidence-based medicine practice is integrated throughout where appropriate. 

Physiology and Pathophysiology 3 | Lecture | 2.00 credits
PAS-5032-AB (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

This course is the third of three sequential courses that provides instruction in the normal physiology and pathophysiology of disease. The course integrates basic science concepts related to cellular physiology, histology, biochemistry, pathology, genetics and immunology. The normal physiologic changes associated with aging are also explored. Diagnostic modalities are introduced where applicable. Organ system modules are aligned with those in the Clinical Medicine, and Pharmacology courses.

Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics 3 | Lecture | 1.50 credits
PAS-5042-AB (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

The third of three courses in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics, this course will introduce students to the general principles of pharmacology and the application of these principles to patient care situations. Students learn the principles of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics. This course provides an overview of dosage formulations and dose-response relationships. Instruction related to a drug’s mechanism of action, side effects, toxicity is provided. Drug interactions and polypharmacy will also be reviewed. The classes of pharmaceuticals parallel the body system being studied in Clinical Medicine 3.
 
Clinical Problem Solving 2 | Lecture, Lab | 1.50 credits
PAS-5051-AA  (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

Using a case-based learning approach, students will synthesize the medical knowledge acquired throughout the curriculum and develop the critical thinking skills integral to clinical problem solving. Each week students will be assigned required readings which will support the cases explored in class discussion sessions. Sessions will utilize a chief complaint to drive a variety of systems-based differential diagnoses. Through facilitated class discussion, students will choose a ‘clinical path’ to explore, describing the diagnostic and therapeutic options appropriate in the management of the disease processes.
 
Students will also be involved in weekly “pre-clinical” experiences. The experiences will have a primary care focus, but will also expose the students to primary and specialty practice and other ancillary services of medicine.  Students will initially observe and may, according to their skills and with preceptor supervision, sequentially increase their independence, applying the knowledge, skills, and professional attributes they are learning in the classroom. This serves as the introduction to practice-based medicine and a precursor to the clinical year of the program.

Physical Diagnosis 3 | Lecture, Lab | 1.00 credit
PAS-5062-AA  (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

This is the third in a series of three courses that utilizes the competencies acquired in the Physical Diagnosis 1 and 2 courses as the foundation upon which the student will continue to refine his/her skills in performing the focused medical history and physical examination.  Additionally the course will facilitate critical thinking in the student approach to the patient with a physical complaint. Course format will include lectures, small group practice sessions, and standardized patient encounters,including the performance of male and female genitalia examinations on trained, standardized patients. Appropriate documentation of the focused history and physical as discussed in Physical Diagnosis 2 will be reinforced in this course.
 
Clinical Medicine 3 | Lecture | 6.00 credits
PAS-5132-AC  (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

This is the third of three sequential Clinical Medicine courses. Using an organ- based systems approach, this course provides instruction on the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic modalities, differential diagnoses, assessment and management of common medical conditions. The course builds on lectures in normal physiology and pathophysiology and precedes an in-depth discussion of treatment modalities in Pharmacology and Clinical Therapeutics 3. Areas of study include: Endocrinology,  Gynecology, Obstetrics, Infectious Disease, and Pediatrics.
 
Advanced Clinical Skills 3 | Lecture | 2.50 credits
PAS-5142-AA  (Didactic Phase, summer semester)

Advanced Clinical Skills 3 is the final of three clinical skills courses in which the student will learn to use a wide variety of diagnostic and treatment modalities and procedures.  Advanced Clinical Skills 3 will further instruct the student in the diagnostic and technical skills utilized in clinical practice. Students will engage in lectures, demonstrations and practice laboratory sessions and learn the indications and limitations for specific procedures. Areas of study will include but are not limited to: slit lamp examination, suturing, surgical gowning and gloving, wound care and dressings, splinting and castings, venipuncture, injections and IV placements. Related risks and the complications associated with diagnostic modalities and clinical procedures will also be reviewed. Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) certification is also incorporated into the course. The practice of evidence-based medicine is integrated throughout the course where applicable.

Transition to Practice | Lecture | 2.00 credits
PAS-5901-AB  (Clinical Phase, fall session)

This course is designed to prepare the second year PA student to make the transition from student to qualified clinician. Topics presented include an overview of the NCCPA certification and recertification process, ongoing CME requirements, licensure and credentialing. To help facilitate with career planning, Program faculty and invited speakers will work with students to prepare their curriculum vitae (CV), review aspects of the professional interview, contract negotiation, and financial planning in anticipation of loan repayment. A review of research methodologies will be presented in preparation of Capstone, as well as continued incorporation of evidence-based medicine into clinical practice. Toward the end of the clinical year there will be a focused review of medical content identified by the program as requiring greater strengthening through lectures and self-assessment in preparation of the Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE). Additionally, the basic concepts of medical ethics and their application to contemporary clinical practice will be explored.

Capstone Project 1 | Lecture | .50 credit
PAS-5930-AA   (Clinical Phase, spring quarter)

The Capstone Project for the Salus University Physician Assistant program is a two part faculty-guided independent study course. Capstone Project 1 and Capstone Project 2 culminate in a graduate level paper, suitable for submission to a peer-reviewed journal, and a related project presentation. In Capstone Project 1, under faculty guidance, a topic proposal (a research question or hypothesis) is developed, an initial outline created, a literature review is conducted, and the initial drafts of the introduction and methodology sections are completed.

Capstone Project 2 | Lecture | .50 credit
PAS-5931-AA  (Clinical Phase, fall session)

The Capstone Project for the Salus University Physician Assistant program is a two part faculty-guided independent study course. Capstone Project 2 continues the process started in Capstone Project 1 culminating in a graduate level paper, suitable for submission to a peer-reviewed journal, and a related project presentation. In Capstone Project 2, an abstract, the body of the paper with discussion, recommendations and conclusions will be completed and serve as the foundation for the project presentation. The project presentation relays an in-depth presentation of the topic; outlining the critical thinking/critical decision-making, evidence-based process that led to the final diagnosis and research conclusions. The presentation will also include any practice-based learning and systems based issues encountered by the student. The professional manner in which the student delivers the presentation will be an important element of this project.
 
Emergency Medicine | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6200-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Emergency Medicine rotation takes place in a hospital emergency department and provides the student with exposure to urgent care as well as acute medical and surgical conditions. Students function as part of a multi-disciplinary team, working collaboratively with healthcare providers from all disciplines. Through supervised patient contact, the student gains experience in performing directed history and physical examinations, documenting patient encounters, and assessing and managing episodic illness. The student is also afforded opportunities to perform the clinical skills common within the Emergency Medicine setting. 

General Surgery | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6201-AA   (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Surgery rotation provides the student with exposure to the surgical setting, affording the opportunity to apply the basic principles of surgery acquired through the didactic Surgery course. Through practical experience, the student engages in the evaluation and management of patients encountering surgical problems. Students participate in operating room procedures and techniques, and will work collaboratively with the surgical team. Students are exposed to all aspects of the surgical process, including pre-operative, intra-operative and post-operative patient care. 

Internal Medicine | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6202-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Internal Medicine rotation takes place in a hospital and/or out-patient setting, exposing the student to the medical management of an adult patient population. Through supervised patient contact, the student gains experience in performing history and physical examinations, documenting patient encounters, and assessing and managing the acute and chronic illnesses commonly encountered in this medical setting. Students develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary to provide patient-centered health education.

Prenatal Care/Women’s Health | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6203-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Women’s Health/Prenatal Care rotation takes place in a hospital, clinic and/or private practice setting, exposing the student to gynecologic and prenatal care. Through supervised patient contact the student gains experience in obtaining a women’s health history and performing the routine gynecologic examination and associated clinical skills. In addition to learning appropriate documentation of the patient encounter, the student acquires the knowledge and skills necessary to assess and manage the range of women’s health conditions throughout the reproductive lifespan.

Pediatrics | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6204-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Pediatrics rotation takes place in an outpatient and/or inpatient setting, exposing the student to the healthcare needs of the pediatric patient population. Through supervised patient contact, the student gains experience in performing pediatric history and physical examinations, ranging from neonate through teenage development. Students develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary to interact with both the pediatric patient and caregiver, document patient encounters, and assess and manage both common pediatric problems, as well as acute illness. The student also is afforded the opportunity to become familiar with normal growth and development, immunization schedules, nutritional requirements, and anticipatory guidance.
 
Behavioral/Mental Health | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6206-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

The five (5) week Mental Health rotation takes place in an outpatient, and/or inpatient behavioral health facility. The student works collaboratively with the mental health team to evaluate and manage a range of behavioral/mental health issues. Through supervised patient contact, the student develops the knowledge and attitudes necessary to provide ongoing and/or emergent support for this patient population. Emphasis is placed on recognizing the roles that socioeconomics, family health history, and social interactions play in the course of behavioral/mental health conditions. In addition, students develop an understanding of the barriers to treatment, as well as the support resources available within the community.

Family Medicine/Primary Care 1 | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6240-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

This is one of two, five (5) week Family Medicine rotations that take place in an outpatient primary care setting, exposing the student to the medical management of patients throughout their lifespan. Through supervised patient contact, the student gains experience in performing history and physical examinations, documenting patient encounters, and assessing and managing the acute and chronic illnesses commonly encountered in the primary care setting. Students also develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary to provide patient-centered health education.
 
Family Medicine/Primary Care 2 | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6241-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

This is the second of two five (5) week Family Medicine rotations that take place in an outpatient primary care setting, exposing the student to the medical management of patients throughout their lifespan. Through supervised patient contact, the student gains experience in performing history and physical examinations, documenting patient encounters, and assessing and managing the acute and chronic illnesses commonly encountered in the primary care setting. Students also develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary to provide patient-centered health education.

Elective 1 | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6230-AA (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

This is one of two five (5) week elective rotations available to the student. This rotation affords the student an opportunity to increase his/her knowledge base and skill in an area of clinical interest.
 
Elective 2 | Clinical Rotation | 4.50 credits
PAS-6231-AA  (Upon successful completion of the didactic year of the Program)

This is the second of two five (5) week elective rotations available to the student. This rotation affords the student an opportunity to increase his/her knowledge base and skill in an area of clinical interest